Collateral & Borrowing

Users can add collateral assets to their account using the supply function. Collateral can only be added if the market is below its supplyCap, which limits the protocol’s risk exposure to collateral assets.

Each collateral asset increases the user’s borrowing capacity, based on the asset’s borrowCollateralFactor. The borrowing collateral factors are percentages that represent the portion of collateral value that can be borrowed.

For instance, if the borrow collateral factor for WBTC is 85%, an account can borrow up to 85% of the USD value of its supplied WBTC in the base asset. Collateral factors can be fetched using the Get Asset Info By Address function.

The base asset can be borrowed using the withdraw function; the resulting borrow balance must meet the borrowing collateral factor requirements. If a borrowing account subsequently fails to meet the borrow collateral factor requirements, it cannot borrow additional assets until it supplies more collateral, or reduces its borrow balance using the supply function.

Account balances for the base token are signed integers. An account balance greater than zero indicates the base asset is supplied and a balance less than zero indicates the base asset is borrowed. Note: Base token balances for assets with 18 decimals will start to overflow at a value of 2103/1e18=~10 trillion.

Account balances are stored internally in Comet as principal values (also signed integers). The principal value, also referred to as the day-zero balance, is what an account balance at T0 would have to be for it to be equal to the account balance today after accruing interest.

Global indices for supply and borrow are unsigned integers that increase over time to account for the interest accrued on each side. When an account interacts with the protocol, the indices are updated and saved. An account’s present balance can be calculated using the current index with the following formulas.

Balance = Principal * BaseSupplyIndex [Principal > 0]
Balance = Principal * BaseBorrowIndex [Principal < 0]


The supply function transfers an asset to the protocol and adds it to the account’s balance. This function can be used to supply collateral, supply the base asset, or repay an open borrow of the base asset.

If the base asset is supplied resulting in the account having a balance greater than zero, the base asset earns interest based on the current supply rate. Collateral assets that are supplied do not earn interest.

There are three separate methods to supply an asset to Compound III. The first is on behalf of the caller, the second is to a separate account, and the third is for a manager on behalf of an account.

Before supplying an asset to Compound III, the caller must first execute the asset’s ERC-20 approve of the Comet contract.


function supply(address asset, uint amount)

function supplyTo(address dst, address asset, uint amount)

function supplyFrom(address from, address dst, address asset, uint amount)
  • asset: The address of the asset’s smart contract.
  • amount: The amount of the asset to supply to Compound III expressed as an integer. A value of MaxUint256 will repay all of the dst’s base borrow balance.
  • dst: The address that is credited with the supplied asset within the protocol.
  • from: The address to supply from. This account must first use the Allow method in order to allow the sender to transfer its tokens prior to calling Supply.
  • RETURN: No return, reverts on error.


Comet comet = Comet(0xCometAddress);, 1000000);

Ethers.js v5.x

const comet = new ethers.Contract(contractAddress, abiJson, provider);
await, 1000000);

Withdraw or Borrow

The withdraw method is used to withdraw collateral that is not currently supporting an open borrow. Withdraw is also used to borrow the base asset from the protocol if the account has supplied sufficient collateral. It can also be called from an allowed manager address.

Compound III implements a minimum borrow position size which can be found as baseBorrowMin in the protocol configuration. A withdraw transaction to borrow that results in the account’s borrow size being less than the baseBorrowMin will revert.


function withdraw(address asset, uint amount)

function withdrawTo(address to, address asset, uint amount)

function withdrawFrom(address src, address to, address asset, uint amount)
  • asset: The address of the asset that is being withdrawn or borrowed in the transaction.
  • amount: The amount of the asset to withdraw or borrow. A value of MaxUint256 will withdraw all of the src’s base balance.
  • to: The address to send the withdrawn or borrowed asset.
  • src: The address of the account to withdraw or borrow on behalf of. The withdrawFrom method can only be called by an allowed manager.
  • RETURN: No return, reverts on error.


Comet comet = Comet(0xCometAddress);
comet.withdraw(0xwbtcAddress, 100000000);

Ethers.js v5.x

const comet = new ethers.Contract(contractAddress, abiJson, provider);
await comet.withdraw(usdcAddress, 100000000);

Collateral Balance

This function returns the current balance of a collateral asset for a specified account in the protocol.


function collateralBalanceOf(address account, address asset) external view returns (uint128)
  • account: The address of the account in which to retrieve a collateral balance.
  • asset: The address of the collateral asset smart contract.
  • RETURNS: The balance of the collateral asset in the protocol for the specified account as an unsigned integer scaled up by 10 to the “decimals” integer in the asset’s contract.


Comet comet = Comet(0xCometAddress);
uint balance = comet.collateralBalanceOf(0xAccount, 0xUsdcAddress);

Ethers.js v5.x

const comet = new ethers.Contract(contractAddress, abiJson, provider);
const balance = await comet.callStatic.collateralBalanceOf('0xAccount', '0xUsdcAddress');

Borrow Collateralization

This function returns true if the account passed to it has non-negative liquidity based on the borrow collateral factors. This function returns false if an account does not have sufficient liquidity to increase its borrow position. A return value of false does not necessarily imply that the account is presently liquidatable (see isLiquidatable function).


function isBorrowCollateralized(address account) public view returns (bool)
  • account: The account to examine collateralization.
  • RETURNS: Returns true if the account has enough liquidity for borrowing.


Comet comet = Comet(0xCometAddress);
bool isCollateralized = comet.isBorrowCollateralized(0xAccount);

Ethers.js v5.x

const comet = new ethers.Contract(contractAddress, abiJson, provider);
const isCollateralized = await comet.callStatic.isBorrowCollateralized('0xAccount');